The organic farming statistics research company Organic Monitor estimates the global market for organic farming in 2012 reached almost 64 billion US dollars (ca. 50 billion euros). The leading market is the United States with 22.6 billion euros, followed by Germany (7 billion euros) and France (4 billion euros). The countries with the highest per capita spending were Switzerland (189 euros) and Denmark (159 euros).
Organic Farmers Worldwide
Moving from consumers to producers, according to the FiBL-IFOAM organic farming statistics, approximately 80 percent of a global total of 1.9 million organic producers (up from 1.8 million) are located in developing countries. As in previous years, the countries with the most producers are India (600’000), Uganda (189’610), Mexico (169’707), and Tanzania (148’610).
From a farmland perspective, a total of 37.5 million hectares were organic at the end of 2012 according to this organic farming statistics. An increase of almost 200’000 hectares was reported compared with 2011. In Africa, organic land increased by seven percent and in Europe by six percent.
One third of all global organic agricultural land is in Oceania (32 percent; 12.2 million hectares), followed by Europe (30 percent; 11.2 million hectares), and Latin America (18 percent; 6.8 million hectares). Australia is the country with the largest organic agricultural area (12 million hectares, with 97 percent of that area used as grazing), followed by Argentina (3.6 million hectares) and the United States of America (2.2 million hectares). The countries with the largest share of organic agricultural land of all farmland are the Falkland Islands (36.3 percent), followed by Liechtenstein (29.6 percent) and Austria (19.7 percent) and further European countries. In ten countries more than ten percent of agricultural land is organic.
The most significant expansion in organic area as well as solid market growth noted in recent years has been in Europe. More information about organic farming statistics is available from a recently published study by the European Union Group of IFOAM, FiBL and the Mediterranean Agronomic Institute (CIHEAM-IAMB) that shows the potential for further growth in Europe based on a supportive public policy environment and increasing consumer demand.